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FAQ on Nephrology

1. Are there any dietary changes required to prevent Kidney disease?

   Kidney-friendly meal plan( Low salt diet-avoid consuming canned foods, Pickles)

  • Adequate Hydration,
  • Voiding self/over the counter medication,
  • Abstinence from smoking

2. How is early-stage CKD treated?

    Low Protein Diet, Low salt diet, keeping Blood Sugars and Blood Pressure under control, maintaining BMI<23 kg/m2.

3. What can I do to protect my kidneys?

    Get regular health checkup done(especially when there is a family history), Blood pressure and Blood sugar levels.

4. Is there a diet that is good for kidneys?

Low protein and low salt diet. By reducing protein intake, people with kidney disease who are not on dialysis can reduce stress on their kidneys and prevent the buildup of urea in the bloodstream. Limiting sodium can help lower the risk of developing hypertension, cardiovascular disease, congestive heart failure and chronic kidney disease.

  1. Lower-protein foods: Bread, Fruits, Vegetables, Pasta and rice.
  2. Avoid higher-protein foods: Red meat, Poultry, Fish, Eggs.
  3. Low Potassium and low phosphorus foods.

5. How does high blood pressure affect the Kidney?

Your kidneys and circulatory system depend on each other for good health. High Blood pressure will damage the delicate functioning units of the kidney which do not filter blood well, Damaged kidneys fail to regulate blood pressure. It's a vicious cycle.

6. What habits damage the kidney?

Obesity, Physical inactivity, Smoking, less intake of water, abusing salt shaker, eating processed food, eating too much meat and too much food high in sugars, Heavy alcohol drinkers, pain killer abuse.

7. Is drinking a lot of water good for kidneys?

Adequate hydration is good for healthy kidneys(for eg: A 70 kg individual is supposed to drink 10 glasses of water(2.5 -3 L/day).

8. How is Diabetes control related to my kidney function?

With diabetes, the small blood vessels in the kidney are injured, your kidneys cannot clean your blood properly. The body of an individual will retain more water and salt than it should, which can result in weight gain and ankle swelling. You may have protein in your urine. Also, waste materials will build up in your blood.

9. Can kidney failure be controlled?

Healthy lifestyle, good control of blood sugar and blood pressure, adherence to Medication.

10. Is there a surgery required for removal of stones?

The need for surgery is decided based on the size of the stone, their location and obstruction caused by the stones.

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